First Generation


1. Don Tomas Manuel DE ROCO1,2 was born on 29 December 1791 in Cavite City , Philippines. He was baptized on 1 January 1792 in Cavite. Tomas was baptized by the parish priest of the Port of Cavite at that time -- Don Gregorio de la Pena, with Don Antonio Canelose as his godfather.

He was confirmed in 1800 in probably Manila. He was confirmed by the Archbishop of Manila -- Don Basilio Sancho de Sta. Justa with Don Francisco Cresini as his godfather.
Tomas died on 11 October 1857 at the age of 65 in Legaspi, Albay. He was a Fiscal Supernumerario de la Contaduria Mayor in Royal Tribunal and Audiencia for Accounting. According to The Philippine Chronicles of Fray San Antonio, printed in 1738, the Jurisdiction of Cavite under the Justicia Mayor who was simultaneously Keeper of the Royal Fort of San Phelipe (which stands to this day) included the towns of San Roque, Bacoor, Cavite El Viejo and Binacayan. The harbor of Cavite then consisted of a bent point of land which juts into the sea, this being the reason why the Indians called it Cavit, which means hook or fishook. The Spaniards called the harbor Cavite, but the proper term -- according to Fray San Antonio -- is Tanguay, which means a point of land which juts into the sea.

On 30 December 1799, Don Ignacio Maria de Alava, Rear Admiral of the Spanish Navy, led an expedition around the the entire islands of the Philippines which was recorded by Joaquin Martinez de Zuniga in his book, Estadismo de las Philipinas. By this time, Zuniga describes Cavite as follows:
"Cavite is a small, ugly and dirty city. It has a governor who is appointed by the King with a salary of P1,000 a year, a sergeant major, an aide and a company of Malabar soldiers. In addition to this, the government continually sends to it a detachment of Manila regular soldiers for its security. It has a Dominican and Recollect convent, but they have such limited funds that only one priest is assigned to each of them. The Jesuits also run a college which now serves only as a warehouse. Aside from these, the city has a parish, a hermitage in honor of Nuestra Senora de la Puerta Baga and a hospital, the San Juan De Dios. The houses are all tile roofed but the majority of them are small, badly constructed, old and dilapidated. It has three long streets but these are very narrow and very filthy. On the land side, there is a walled portion with a moat that surrounds the city. In the center is a land bridge with a gate which they call Puerta Baga, meaning a new entrance because bago in Tagalog means new. On the other side lies the fortified town which is surrounded by walls that are sufficiently high, but is so weak that it cannot stand many days of siege. From this fort to the walls of Puerta Baga the whole space on both sides is open and without any defense and on that side which faces the little bay, they provisionally erected an earthen wall during the war with England.

..."Between the fort and the sea is a small land passage leading to the arsenal which is located at the very tip of the point. It has a house which serves as the residence and office of the Arsenal commander, and there are several buildings for the iron works and a storehouse for the rigging and for the sails of ships. To guard these buildings, a bastion has been built for its defense. The whole of the arsenal is built with little forethought of its utility which was at first to manufacture two galleons for the Acapulco trade, one to go to this port and the other to get ready to sail when the first returns. The arsenal also makes small vessels for use against the Moros.
"The arsenal commander is a royal appointee, but now they have erected by royal order a naval station and assigned to it 12 naval officers. As commander of the Spanish navy in the Philippines, the King has appointed D. Ventura Barcaiztegui, a navy captain and a member of our expeditionary force from whose inspiration, conduct and impartiality we expected much.
"The inhabitants of this whole district reach fifty thousand, the majority of them being natives and mestizos. Thirty thousand of these are registered taxpayers and the rest are idlers. There are few Spaniards in Cavite, and as I have said, there is a preponderance of natives and mestizos mixed with Chinese, people of Malabar, and negroes and the children of the admixture of these races. All of these people should pay tribute to the King, but no one does."
A photo of the old Church of Porta Vaga in which Don Tomas Manuel De Roco was most probably baptized (there was no other church at that time in the area) is in the Photo album. All records prior to the Second World War in Cavite were destroyed during the war. There is therefore no record of Tomas Manuel's parents who were the original Rocos in the Philippines.

UPDATE: Our esteemed and eminent historian, Facundo (aka Ding) Roco found Don Tomas Manuel's parents! Click here to find out more.


He was confirmed by the Archbishop of Manila -- Don Basilio Sancho de Sta. Justa with Don Francisco Cresini as his godfather.

Don Tomas Manuel was probably a civil servant or an accountant as the stories in the family describe him. His movements, as described in Juan De Dios Emeterio's writings, showed that he moved to Sta. Cruz, Laguna, where some of his children were born, and then later to Pila, Laguna, and then later he returned to Manila. After this, he moved to Albay where he eventually died.

Don Tomas Manuel DE ROCO and Dona Maria Guadalupe DE LOS REYES were married on 21 September 1812 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. The wedding of Tomas Manuel and Maria Guadalupe was held very early in the morning and was witnessed by their godparents -- Don Pablo Jose De la Fuente and Dona Vicenta del Real. Tomas was twenty and Maria was fifteen. Dona Maria Guadalupe DE LOS REYES2,3,4, daughter of Nicolas DE LOS REYES and Candida LUCIA, was born on 12 December 1796 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. She was baptized on 19 December 1796 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Maria Guadalupe was baptized a week after birth in the parish church of Santa Cruz with Dona Seberina Flores as her godmother. She died on 2 December 1880 at the age of 83 in Legaspi, Albay?. In his Nacimiento, Juan De Dios wrote that his mother ..."Fallecio el 2 de Dice. de 1880 no blanca (bianca?)". He did not specify what blanca he was referring to. At the time Maria Guadalupe was born, Sta. Cruz de Manila was probably the main parish church for the province of Tongdo, which The Philippine Chronicles of Fray San Antonio (p. 77) described as follows:
Tongdo..."has a perimeter of some 25 leagues, this province beginning at the bar of Manila and veering north northeast after a short distance to sail up the estero of Binondo up to Tongdo, its capital. In 1800, Fr.Joaquin Martinez de Zuniga noted in his book The Status of thePhilippines, Estadismo de las Philipinas, that the population of Tongdo were mostly Tagalogs, and Chinese or Chinese mestizos. From there you go on to Tambobong, the last town in this province on this side and bordering Polo in the province of Bulacan, leaving the bar of Bacusay to the left, this being one of the entrances to the bar of Manila. It is here that the lime kils of Almeja are located, the source of supply of lime for local construction. Returning to the bar of Manila, this province runs south along the bay, the towns of Santiago, la Hermita, Malate, and Paranaque being found along the coast, with Pasay, San Lazaro and Dilao behind them. The province ends here by the town of Bacoor which belongs to the jurisdiction of Cavite...This province borders that of Laguna de Bai and includes some of the towns on the banks of this river (Pasig) and the hills of Palayan, San Isidro, San Mateo, and others...It has a large population, but few of these are natives because there are only 6,361 whole tributes in it, 5,670 belonging to the Crown and 691 belonging to private parties. There are innumerable mestizos classified under the Ramo de Boletas and Sangleys from the Alcaceria, as well as a great variety of foreign nationals, so much so that the province contains the confusion of Babylon."

It was in this general environment that both Tomas Manuel and Maria Guadalupe grew up in.

Don Tomas Manuel DE ROCO and Dona Maria Guadalupe DE LOS REYES had the following children:

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i.

Don Jose Simon DE ROCO.

3

ii.

Conchita DE ROCO2 was born (date unknown).

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iii.

Don Manuel Claudio DE ROCO2 was born on 30 October 1813 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. He was baptized on 4 November 1813 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Parish priest -- Fr. Jose Barcelona Monte Geronimo;
Godmother -- Dona Vicenta Del Real. He was baptized on 4 November 1813 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Manuel died on 19 October 1852 at the age of 38 in Cagayan Province. He is also known as Manuel Claudio De Roco. Born on a Saturday, at around 3:30 pm.

5

iv.

Joaquin Sotero DE ROCO2 was born on 22 April 1815 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. He was baptized on 27 April 1815 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Parish priest -- Don Jose Valerio de Alcadia;
Godfather -- Don Joaquin Del Castillo. He was baptized on 27 April 1815 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Joaquin died on 19 April 1834 at the age of 18 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Died of cholera. He died on 19 April 1834 at the age of 18 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Born on a Saturday, between 9-10 pm.

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v.

Mariano Clementino DE ROCO.

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vi.

Dona Concepcion Espeririona DE ROCO2 was born on 14 December 1818 in Pila, Laguna. Born on a Monday, between 11-12 pm. She was born on 14 December 1818 in Pila, Laguna. She was baptized on 20 December 1818 in Pila, Laguna. Parish priest -- Fr. Miguel Persina;
Godfather -- Don Pablo Biron. Concepcion was baptized on 20 December 1818 in Pila, Laguna. She is also known as Concepcion Espeririona De Roco. Born on a Monday, between 11-12 pm.
Parish priest -- Fr. Miguel Persina;
Godfather -- Don Pablo Biron.

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vii.

Don Juan De Dios Emeterio DE ROCO.

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viii.

Senorita Andrea Cantaricio DE ROCO2 was born in February 1822 in Pila, Laguna. Born on a Monday, between 10-11 pm. She was born in February 1822 in Pila, Laguna. She was baptized on 5 February 1822 in Pila, Laguna. Parish priest -- Don Pedro Alcantara;
Godfather -- Don Vicente Versosa. Andrea was baptized on 5 February 1822 in Pila, Laguna. She died on 25 June 1827 at the age of 5 in Pila, Laguna. She is also known as Andrea Cantaricio De Roco. Born on a Monday, between 10-11 pm.
Parish priest -- Don Pedro Alcantara;
Godfather -- Don Vicente Versosa.

10

ix.

Dona Dolores Casimira DE ROCO2 was born on 6 March 1823 in Sta. Cruz de la Laguna. Born on a Tuesday, between 10-11 am. She was born on 6 March 1823 in Sta. Cruz de la Laguna. She was baptized on 8 March 1823 in Sta. Cruz de la Laguna. Parish priest -- Fr. Miguel Persiva;
Godparents -- Don Mariano Aguirre and Dona Manuela De Aguirre. Dolores was baptized on 8 March 1823 in Sta. Cruz de la Laguna. She died on 25 October 1854 at the age of 31 in Sampaloc, Manila. She is also known as Dolores Casimira De Roco. Born on a Tuesday, between 10-11 am.
Parish priest -- Fr. Miguel Persiva;
Godparents -- Don Mariano Aguirre and Dona Manuela De Aguirre.

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x.

Second Pilot Antonio Sesinando DE ROCO2 was born on 16 July 1824 in Sta. Cruz de la Laguna. Born on a Friday, between 10-11 pm. He was baptized on 19 July 1824 in Sta. Cruz de la Laguna. Parish priest -- Don Jose Manuel Moreno;
Godfather -- Don Juan M. Lopez. He died in November 1844 at the age of 20 in China Sea. Antonio Sesinando drowned in the China Sea on the month of November 1844. He was Second Pilot of the ship -- Magallanes. Born on a Friday, between 10-11 pm.
Antonio Sesinando drowned in the China Sea on the month of November1844. He was Second Pilot of the ship -- Magallanes.
Parish priest -- Don Jose Manuel Moreno;
Godfather -- Don Juan M. Lopez.

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xi.

Dona Modesta Vicenta DE ROCO.

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xii.

Don Vicente Ladislao DE ROCO.

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xiii.

Dona Dominga ROCO2 was born on 15 September 1824 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. She was baptized on 22 September 1824 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. She was born on 15 September 1834 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Born on a Monday, between 6-7 am. Dominga was baptized on 22 September 1834 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Batized by the parish priest -- Don Arcadio Aquino -- with Dona Francisca Antonia Fernandez as godmother. She is also known as Dominga Roco. Batized by the parish priest -- Don Arcadio Aquino -- with Dona Francisca Antonia Fernandez as godmother. Born on a Monday, between 6-7 am.
Batized by the parish priest -- Don Arcadio Aquino -- with DonaFrancisca Antonia Fernandez as godmother.

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xiv.

Don Joaquin Emigdio DE ROCO.

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xv.

Don Arcenio Maria DE ROCO2 was born on 14 December 1839 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Born on a Saturday, between 10-11 am. He was born on 14 December 1839 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. He was baptized on 18 December 1839 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Officiating priest -- Fr, Senon Arcinas;
Godparents -- Don Lorenzo Maroati and his wife, Dona DOLORES ROCO. Arcenio was baptized on 18 December 1839 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. He is also known as Arcenio Maria De Roco. Born on a Saturday, between 10-11 am.
Officiating priest -- Fr, Senon Arcinas;
Godparents -- Don Lorenzo Maroati and his wife, Dona DOLORES ROCO.

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xvi.

Mateo Eleno DE ROCO.

Marikita PAGIBIGAN2 was born (date unknown). The mother of Jose Norvento De Roco, eldest son of Tomas Manuel, was not recorded by Juan De Dios Emeterio in his unpublished "Nacimiento De Mis Hermanos". We have therefore given her a fictitious name -- Marikita Pagibigan -- which is Malay. Considering the circumstances of Jose Norvento's birth, it is probable that his mother was not a European national nor even a mestiza.

Don Tomas Manuel DE ROCO and Marikita PAGIBIGAN had the following children:

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i.

Don Jose Norvento DE ROCO2 was born on 6 June 1811 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Born on a Tuesday, between 2-3 pm. He was born on 6 June 1811 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. He was baptized on 8 June 1811 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. Jose Norvento was baptized by the parish priest -- Don Reymundo Rojas with Don Manuel Varela as godfather.. Jose was baptized on 8 June 1811 in Sta. Cruz de Manila. He is also known as Jose Norvento De Roco. Born on a Tuesday, between 2-3 pm.
Jose Norvento was baptized by the parish priest -- Don ReymundoRojas with Don Manuel Varela as godfather..